Alien Organisms and trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

Giant hornets from Asia - risk of negative impact on honeybees and biodiversity

Ordered:

Report no:

Publishing: 21.02.2022

 
 
 

Key message:

The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM) are to assess the risk of negative impact on honeybees and biodiversity in Norway stemming from Asian giant hornet and Japanese giant hornet.


The Norwegian Environment Agency has commissioned the assessment.

Background

The Asian giant hornet (Vespa velutina) and the Japanese giant hornet (V. mandarina) are stinging wasps of the family Vepsidae. They are thus related to the European giant hornet (V. cabro), which is also native to Norway. The two Asian species are predators of a broad array of other insects. It is well documented that both Asian species pose a threat to honeybees.

Both species are native to Asia and are found in mountain ranges from the Northern India to China, Japan and Indonesia. The Asian giant hornet is considered an invasive alien species in Europe. It was first discovered in South-East France in 2004 and has since spread northwards. The Japanese giant hornet has so far only been detected in the US.

Mandate

VKM will, among other things, describe the current status regarding the distribution of the two species, and evaluate the likelihood of them spreading to, and establishing, in Norway. VKM will also assess the potential negative impact this will have on honeybees and biodiversity in general in Norway.

VKM are also to summarize risk reducing measures, both in regard to hindering spread and establishment in Norway, and in regard to reducing the potential impact.

The project group

The project group consists of:

Katrine Eldegard – Member of the VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Academic leader of the project.

Anders Nielsen – Deputy chair of The VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Lawrence Kirkendall – Member of the VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Claus Rasmussen Pdf, 314.2 kB, opens in new window. – External expert, University of Aarhus, Denmark.

Martin Malmstrøm – Secretariat, Project manager

The VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is responsible for the assessment.

Contact

The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment

T: 21 62 28 00
@: vkm@vkm.no


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