Alien Organisms and trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

Giant hornets from Asia - risk of negative impact on honeybees and biodiversity

Ordered:

Report no:

Publishing: 21.02.2022

Key message:

The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM) shall assess the risk of negative impact from the Asian giant hornet and the Japanese giant hornet to honeybees and to biodiversity in Norway.


The Norwegian Environment Agency has commissioned the assessment.

Background

The Asian giant hornet (Vespa velutina) and the Japanese giant hornet (V. mandarina) are stinging wasps of the family Vepsidae. They are related to the European giant hornet (V. cabro), which is native to Norway. The two Asian species are predators of a broad array of other insects. It is well-documented that both Asian species pose a threat to honeybees.

Both species are native to Asia and are found in mountain ranges from the Northern India to China, Japan and Indonesia. The Asian giant hornet is considered an invasive alien species in Europe. It was first discovered in South-East France in 2004 and has since spread northwards. The Japanese giant hornet has so far only been detected in the US.

Mandate

VKM will, among other things, describe the current status of the distribution of the two species, and evaluate the likelihood of their spread to and establishment in Norway. VKM will also assess the potential negative impact this would have on honeybees and biodiversity in general in Norway.

VKM are also to summarize risk-reducing measures, regarding both hindering spread and establishment in Norway, and reducing the potential impact.

The project group

The project group consists of:

Katrine Eldegard – Member of the VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Scientific leader of the project.

Anders Nielsen – Deputy chair of The VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Lawrence Kirkendall – Member of the VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Claus Rasmussen Pdf, 314.2 kB, opens in new window. – External expert, University of Aarhus, Denmark.

Martin Malmstrøm – Secretariat, Project manager.

The VKM Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is responsible for the assessment.

Contact

The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment

T: 21 62 28 00
@: vkm@vkm.no


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