Alien Organisms and trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
How fast can wild boar establish and spread in Norway and will they spread animal diseases and parasites?
These are a few of the questions that the Norwegian Environment Agency and the Norwegian Food Safety Authority want answers to when they ask the Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to assess what an increase in wild boar population has to say for Norwegian fauna and livestock.
Initially, VKM will consider issues that affects the spreading and development of a wild boar population in Norway. This includes, among other things, how fast wild boars can spread and whether there are factors that can increase or decrease that development.
VKM will also assess whether climate change can affect the development within a 20-year perspective. In Norway, wild boars are undesirable and blacklisted. VKM will also consider what measures can be taken to control the development of the wild boar population and to keep the damage caused by them at an acceptable level.
In the next phase, VKM is to consider the risk of wild boars for animal welfare, such as outbreaks of diseases and introduction of parasites. VKM will also assess the risk of infection between wild boars and domestic swine, and whether there are effective measures to limit infection.
Measures to reduce infection, surveillance and mapping of African swine fever are also questions that VKM will consider. This disease is on the rise in Europe.
VKM's panel on alien species and CITES is responsible for the first phase of this risk assessment. The first phase is scheduled to be published in the middle of December 2017.